Publication Policy

Online First Publication

Beginning from February 2019, after correction of the article proof, all articles accepted for publication are assigned a DOI and published Online First within 1 week and prior to assignment to a journal volume or issue. The 'Online First' version is the final version of the publication and no corrections can be made on it again except in the form of an hyperlinked erratum. The assigned DOI remains the permanent identifier of all versions of the article.


Open-access Policy

In line with the Open Access policy of making research work freely available to the research community, all published content are immediately and freely available to the general public on the publisher’s website. All articles are published Open-Access under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution license. Hence, users are permitted to freely read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, link to the full texts of all published articles and use them for any other lawful purpose.


Publication Funding

Authors, their institutions or funding agencies are responsible for the operational costs of the journals through a handling and/or OA publication fees paid.


Copyright Policy

Authors retain copyrights for their published articles while first publication rights are held by the journal/Global Trends Academy (the publisher). Authors can reuse, distribute and archive their publications. The journal/publisher is not responsible for subsequent uses of the work. The Authors also grant permission to the publisher to index and archive their publications in applicable databases as the publisher or journal may deem fit.


Submission Policy

By submitting an article, the author(s) confirm that the submitted work has not been published previously (save as a preprint, an abstract or as part of an academic dissertation/thesis or a lecture), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, and that its publication is approved by all authors and the institution(s) where the work was carried out.

NB: It is the responsibility of Authors to update archived preprints with the journal reference (including DOI) and a link to the published articles on the appropriate journal website.


Plagiarism Check

The journal publisher operates zero tolerance for plagiarism, including self-plagiarism; all submissions will be checked by iThenticate plagiarism checker by Turnitin.  Manuscripts that are found unacceptable will be returned to the author(s).


Archiving Policy

Any of pre-print, post-print and publisher's version/PDF can be archived by the author(s) without restrictions in line with the Sherpa/Romeo's green archiving policy.


Publication Fee Waiver Policy

We charge authors a handling/OA publication fee for each article to help the journals to cover operational costs. Publication fees may be waived or from time to time or discounted for special issue publications as determined by the journal.


Refund Policy

No refund is made after full processing of a manuscript or its publication as 'online first' version.

No refund is made for articles retracted due to any form of fraudulent practice.